The Eucharist: Center of the Universe

Archbishop Aquila

This week I have been thinking about Corpus Christi Sunday – the Solemnity of the Body and Blood of Christ – which we will be celebrating on June 18. On this feast, which the Church has been celebrating since the 13th Century, we worship Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament and reaffirm his centrality in our lives. We offer our lives to the Father with Jesus, as we share in his one sacrifice made present at every Mass.

The Catechism describes the Eucharist as the “source and summit” of our faith. It is the greatest gift we have and the sacrament toward which all the other sacraments are oriented. Archbishop Fulton Sheen was once asked shortly before his death about his commitment to adoring the Blessed Sacrament for an hour each day and what inspired him to keep up that practice. His answer is worth sharing.

In 1900 when nationalists surged to power in China, they arrived at a town where they arrested the parish priest and took over the local church. A group of soldiers was commanded to open the tabernacle and stomp on the Blessed Sacrament, which they promptly did. Meanwhile, the priest was imprisoned in the church’s coal bin, which allowed him to see part of the sanctuary. He lost track of the time, but for days he saw an 11-year-old girl carefully sneak into the sanctuary, bow before the hosts scattered on the ground, use her tongue to reverently pick up and consume one of them, and then pray in silence before departing. One fateful day, the priest saw the little girl begin her ritual only to be surprised by a guard who burst through the church door and shot her. She crawled forward just enough to consume one of the hosts before dying.

Although Archbishop Sheen began his practice of daily adoration a year before he was ordained a priest, it was an 11-year-old Chinese girl who inspired him to commit to it for the rest of his life. The Chinese girl’s faith, reverence, respect and desire to receive the Eucharist, even at the risk of her life, inspired him to more deeply love Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament.

Hundreds of books have been written about the Eucharist, but as we approach the Feast of Corpus Christi, I want to focus on how the Blessed Sacrament must be at center of every authentic disciple’s life, just as it was for the little Chinese girl and Archbishop Sheen.

This past January, Pope Francis asked the faithful gathered for daily Mass at the Vatican: “Is Jesus Christ at the center of my life?” To answer this question, the Holy Father said that we must do three things: know Jesus, worship him and follow him. Knowing Jesus begins with recognizing him, which is possible through reading the Scriptures, prayer and receptivity to the Holy Spirit, who shows us Jesus. Knowing Jesus means receiving his love for me and falling in love with him. We are called to develop a true friendship with our Lord and Savior.

One way we worship Jesus is by receiving the Eucharist in a state of grace. This means going to Confession before Communion to, in the words of Pope Francis, “remove from our hearts other things we adore and that capture our interest.” Once these obstacles are removed, our hearts, minds and souls can become more receptive to Jesus and conformed to him. This meeting with Christ becomes more profound when we adequately prepare ourselves for Mass and actively participate in the prayers of the Mass. One should prepare by fasting for an hour before Communion, reading the Mass readings ahead of time, committing to daily personal prayer and spending time in Eucharistic adoration.

When we arrive at Mass we should enter into a silent, reverent conversation with the Lord to prepare ourselves to encounter him and to offer our lives to the Father. Instead of having conversation with others or greeting neighbors before Mass, we should greet the one we are there to worship and prepare ourselves for the one we love. After Mass is over, we can visit with our fellow parishioners, thus placing God first.

Lastly, we place Christ at the center of our lives by following him. This means orienting all our decisions, the order of each day, and our interactions with others around the Father’s will and seeking his plan for our lives. It means being a disciple at the feet of the Master, learning and imitating his habits, virtues and desires.

As we prepare to celebrate the solemn feast of Corpus Christi, I urge all the faithful of the archdiocese to ask, “Is Jesus at the center of my life?” and to take steps to more intensely know, worship and follow him. May our love for the Eucharistic Lord be as strong as the love of that Chinese girl, who to this day continues to give witness to the true presence of Christ by her example!

COMING UP: Your life in God’s hands

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Recently, Pope Francis met with a contingent of people who suffer from Huntington’s Disease, a rare genetic illness that causes movement, cognitive and psychiatric disorders. “For Jesus,” he told them, “disease is never an obstacle to encountering people, but rather, the contrary. He taught us that the human person is always precious, always endowed with a dignity that nothing and no one can erase, not even disease.”

I was struck by this because those who are tempted to use Colorado’s new physician-assisted suicide law cite their loss of dignity as a reason for doing so. They feel like their life no longer has value, that they are a burden, or that their suffering is too great. Priests throughout the archdiocese have also been thinking about people in these circumstances since the new law passed. They have come to me and asked, “How can I respond to someone who asks for the sacraments but has requested assisted suicide?” They recognize the seriousness of the matter for salvation of the souls involved.

These kinds of questions led the four bishops of Colorado to discuss how to respond in a way that encourages an encounter with Christ and offers true mercy, rather than the illusion of false mercy that assisted suicide presents. Our discussions resulted in a set of recently published guidelines for priests called, “Into Your Hands I Commend My Spirit,” which this column briefly summarizes.

At the heart of these guidelines is the importance of true compassion and mercy, which always sees the dignity of the human being, created in the image and likeness of God, and points them toward the good. When people describe someone or an action as “compassionate,” what they usually have in mind is pity – feeling sorry for the person who is suffering. But real compassion is deeper than that: when someone has compassion, they share in another person’s suffering as if it is their own and they are willing to suffer with the person. Likewise, mercy is not just removing suffering, it always desires the true good for someone and is willing to remove any obstacles to that good.

Assisted suicide, on the other hand, is a false mercy. While it may end suffering, it simultaneously introduces a barrier to a person’s salvation, which is the greatest good possible. With assisted suicide and the official request process it involves, one encounters an action that contradicts the foundational gratitude we should have for life as a gift from God and a rejection of the way Christ taught us to live and die.

On this last point, the way that Pope St. John Paul II died comes to mind. Although he was suffering, he loved his life until the end and did not reject it or end it prematurely. His final words captured his pursuit of the greatest good: “Let me go to the house of the Father.”

As my brother bishops and I thought about assisted suicide and the way it treats human life as disposable, we sought to guide priests toward a response that is compassionate, merciful, and rooted in the dignity of the human person on their journey to the Father.

For that reason, “Into Your Hands” emphasizes the need for priests to accompany people grappling with terminal illnesses, urging them to make personal sacrifices for those they encounter who have decided to commit assisted suicide. At the same time, the guidelines also say that unless a person is repentant and willing to carry out a penance, then priests cannot grant absolution for requesting assisted suicide. In a similar way, those who have not received absolution for requesting assisted suicide cannot receive the Last Rites or Viaticum, since they remain in a state of sin. Every Catholic needs to understand the gravity of assisted suicide and how it violates the 5th Commandment – “Thou shall not kill.”

The state’s acceptance of this law creates a culture that treats certain people’s lives as disposable and involves various sectors of society in facilitating their deaths. Because of the risk that people might believe the Church is supportive of assisted suicide, the bishops of Colorado have decided to allow burial but not funeral Masses for those who die by assisted suicide. The Church in her faithfulness to Jesus Christ and his teachings, can never give the impression of supporting sin and that which is opposed to the culture of life.

The Church desires to respond to those facing terminal illnesses with compassion that is grounded in the truth and points them toward the good. To that end, the archdiocese has compiled a list of Catholic hospice and palliative care facilities, which will be distributed to all parishes over the Memorial Day weekend. Those who have questions about this important issue can also visit www.archden.org/life for additional resources.

Let us follow the example of St. Mother Teresa who spoke to the 1994 National Prayer Breakfast about the importance of loving people when it hurts. She said, “How can you love God whom you do not see, if you do not love your neighbor whom you see, whom you touch, with whom you live? And so, it is very important for us to realize that love, to be true, has to hurt. I must be willing to give whatever it takes not to harm other people and, in fact, to do good to them. This requires that I be willing to give until it hurts. Otherwise, there is not true love in me and I bring injustice, not peace, to those around me.”