Synod: Topics from the final document on young people

Denver Catholic Staff

After intense days of dialogue and discussion among bishops and invited young people, the Synod on young people, the faith and vocational discernment came to a close in Rome on Oct. 28.

Here we offer a brief summary of the document which was approved a few days before the closing. It contains 167 points and proposals which seek to transmit the Word of God and address the needs of young people throughout the world.

The citations provided are not approved English translations of the document. The document has only been released in Italian.

Sexuality

The document states that the Church works “to communicate the beauty of the Christian vision of corporeality and sexuality.” It asks for more adequate methods to communicate it. “An anthropology of affectivity and sexuality, capable of also giving a fair value to chastity, must be proposed to young people.” To do so, “it is necessary to tend to the formation of pastoral workers, so that they may be credible [witnesses], beginning with the maturity of their own affective and sexual dimensions.”

Accompaniment

Another recommendation asks for better accompaniment to help young people “read their own story” and live out their baptismal call “freely” and “responsibly.” The document also asks for better accompaniment of people with same-sex attraction, reaffirming the “decisive anthropological relevance of the difference and reciprocity between man and woman,” and considering it “reductive” to define a person’s identity based on his or her sexual orientation.

Women

The difference between men and women can be a realm “in which many forms of dominion, inclusion and discrimination can emerge,” elements the Church must free itself from, the document says. It says that among the youth, there is a desire for a “greater acknowledgment and valuing” of women in the Church and society. Furthermore, it says that the absence of the feminine voice and outlook “impoverishes” debate and the path of the Church, robbing it of a “beautiful contribution.”

Vocation

The final synodal document calls for a “true and specific vocational culture” and a “constant prayer commitment” for vocations. It affirms that the mission of many consecrated men and women who give of themselves to those in the peripheries of the world “manifests concretely the dedication of an outward Church.”

It highlights that the Church has always had a particular care for vocations to the priestly order, knowing that it is a “constituent element of her identity and necessary for the Christian life.” Moreover, the Synod acknowledges the condition of the single life, which, assumed with a logic of faith and self-gift, can lead to paths through which “the grace of baptism acts and directs toward that holiness we are all called to.”

“The Eucharistic celebration generates the communal life of the Church. It is the place for transmission of the faith and formation for mission,” the document states. Young people have shown “to appreciate and live with intensity authentic celebrations in which the beauty of the signs, the care for preaching and the communal involvement truly speak of God.”

It encourages that young people discover “the value of Eucharistic adoration as an extension of the celebration, in which contemplation and silent prayer can be lived out.”

Migration

The document expresses the Church’s preoccupation regarding those who “escape war, violence, political and religious persecutions, natural disasters … and extreme poverty.” In general, immigrants leave their countries in search of “opportunities for themselves and for their families” and are exposed to violence on their journey. Many leave with an idealized version of Western culture, “at times feeding it with unrealistic expectations that expose them to hard disappointments.”

The synodal fathers highlight the particular vulnerability of “unaccompanied migrant minors” and see that “it is necessary to decisively reject” a xenophobic mentality regarding migration events “frequently promoted and exploited for political ends.”

Featured image by L’Osservatore Romano

COMING UP: Hopes for the October Synod on Young People

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Being met with hope by some and suspicion by others, in light of the recent sex-abuse scandals and the nature of the topics being discussed, the Synod of Bishops on the theme of “Young People, the Faith, and Vocational Discernment” set to take place in Rome Oct. 3 to 28, will feature bishops and representatives from around the world to address the needs of young people ages 16 to 29.

Young adult leaders from the Archdiocese of Denver and the United States shared with the Denver Catholic the challenges they have seen in their ministries and the response they hope to see from bishops in the Synod.

“One of the biggest challenges we have as a Catholic Church is our young people leaving their faith. The reasons they leave the faith are as simple as not feeling welcome in the Church and as complex as not believing anymore; lack of faith, commitment and interest,” said Alejandra Bravo, Hispanic Youth Specialist for the Archdiocese of Denver. “Not only is there a lack of faith from our young people but there is also a lack of attention from us, the Church, to them.”

“I think secularism has hit young adults and millennials particularly hard, more so than other generations or age groups,” added Mary McGeehan, Young Adult Ministry Specialist for the Archdiocese of Denver. “Because the secular culture appeals so much to our senses and emotions, it’s hard for many young people not to just drift with it.”

Nonetheless, McGeehan also holds that one of the reasons why young people are leaving the Church has to do with the misconceptions they have of it and the lack of authentic friendships that can help them overcome these challenges.

“I think most people leave the Church not because of what the Church really teaches but because of what they think the Church teaches. For young adults we often have to address a lot of these misconceptions,” she said. “Also, I think for the people that have fallen away from the Church what they need the most is authentic friendships with other Catholics their age. They need to see the truth of what the Church is and not what they think the Church is.”

Moreover, Katie Prejean, author, catholic speaker from the Diocese of Lake Charles in Louisiana and one of the three young adult delegates chosen by the USCCB to attend the Pre-Synod Gathering in March 2018, highlighted the impact of relativism and the wide variety of problems that young people from ages 16 to 29 face.

“In general, a big challenge is that young people are living in a culture that is so blatantly relativistic, [in which] everybody says that you can believe anything,” she said. “So, young people, I find, are often trapped in the thought,  ‘I don’t know what I’m supposed to believe.’”

She also said that young people in high school are in a different stage from young adults, in the sense that they are searching for something and at the same time don’t want to be told, which brings a particular challenge for that age group.

The preparation for the Synod included a Pre-Synod working document presented to Pope Francis by 300 young adult delegates that participated in the Pre-Synod Gathering on March 25, 2018.

The document touched on the many topics that affect young people throughout the world, ranging from questions on the use of social media to sexuality, gender, the role of women and the need for accompaniment and authentic witnesses in the Church, among others.

“The result was a valuable experience of dialogue and learning — so valuable that I think that continuing the process of listening to a wide range of young adult experiences is important,” said Archbishop Charles J. Chaput of Philadelphia on an article published by First Things.

Seven bishops from the United States will attend the Synod. Five of them were elected by the USCCB: Cardinal Daniel DiNardo, Archbishop José H. Gomez, Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, Bishop Frank J. Caggiano and Bishop Robert Barron. Two of them were appointed by Pope Francis himself: Cardinal Blase Cupich and Cardinal Joseph Tobin.

A faithful response

The preparation for the Synod on Young People has not been without controversy. Some Church officials said the document that sealed the meeting by the 300 young adults gave room to heterodox teaching and to the implementation of “agendas” by some bishops, since the document stated that some young adults wanted the Church to change her teaching on issues related to morality.

Prejean, who partook of the Pre-Synod Gathering, considered it a “heartfelt letter of young people written to bishops,” and that it showed the wide range of questions and difficulties young people are facing throughout the world.

“Prudence is obviously necessary. We want to make sure that agendas are not being pushed forward, and that this is not an opportunity to change church teaching,” she said. “[But] if we approach the Synod with an attitude not properly placed … then we’re not leaving room for goodness to come out of it.”

Prejean hopes that bishops address the issues of sacramental preparation as a way to a relationship with Christ and the accompaniment of young people in the most important stages of transition, among other topics.

McGeehan thinks that an important step is that bishops “acknowledge the reality of the problem. Young adults are not attending Church as much as we would want to. A special outreach needs to happen for this age group,” she said. “As a Church we need to focus on how we can better support young adults in the changes and transitions, whether that is looking for a job or discerning their vocation.”

Bravo hopes that the Synod brings forth a plan of action: “The young people spoke up; we have heard them. We know their needs, fears, challenges and desires. What can we do to bring them into a deeper encounter with Jesus Christ? … A plan of action that nurtures and advocates for love, patience and caring for our young people; a plan of action that encourages young people to be leaders, to follow Mary’s example and to be not afraid.”

While the faithful should be paying attention to what is being said at the Synod, Prejean also encouraged all to pray intentionally for the guidance of bishops during the 25-day meeting.

“The future of the Catholic faith belongs to those who create it with their fidelity, their self-sacrifice, their commitment to bringing new life into the world and raising their children in truth, and their determination to walk Christ’s ‘narrow way’ with joy,” Archbishop Chaput reminded in his column. “May God grant the 2018 synod fathers the grace and courage to lead young people on that path.”