‘He comes as the Vicar of Christ’

How does one go about greeting the Vicar of Christ?

This is the question Catholics in the United States are asking as we prepare for the upcoming visit of Pope Francis, who will visit three cities in six days later this month.

To answer that question, the Denver Catholic sat down with Cardinal J. Francis Stafford, archbishop of Denver from 1986-1996, who welcomed Pope St. John Paul II to the archdiocese in 1993.

For the full video interview click here

Q: What does a visit from Pope Francis mean to Catholics in the United States?

Cardinal Stafford: All of us are thinking about this visit, reflecting upon it, reflecting upon it in the context in which we find ourselves as American Catholics. It is a context that [includes] many blessings as Americans, but also many challenges, especially in these times. And the challenges are dealing with how the message of Christ is to be expressed in the United States.

The Holy Father is coming here in the hope that he will find that the message of Jesus is being received by the Catholic people of the United States, not as the word of men, but as the very Word of God. He comes hoping to be confirmed in that expectation.

His claim is profound. He comes as the Vicar of Christ. He comes as the successor of Peter. He comes as the one who has been given and entrusted with the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven—an incredible gift. And what he hopes to find is, as a matter of fact, that the message that has been proclaimed by the Church here has truly been the message of God, the Word of God, and not the word of man, and that it is being received by the Catholic people as the Word of God.

Q: What message will Pope Francis bring to the Catholic Church in the United States?

Cardinal Stafford: The Pope will be coming as a pilgrim. A pilgrim is kind of a wayfarer—somebody who is on the way. He has not yet reached the homeland. So one of the things he is going to tell us is that like himself, so you are to be a pilgrim. We are all fellow pilgrims. This earth is not our homeland.

Through Jesus, God has established, he will say, an alternative community to the world. That alternative community has been proclaimed by Jesus to the crowds in the Sermon on the Mount. So [the Holy Father] is going to proclaim … what the essence of that Kingdom is about. And that Kingdom is substantively composed of those who are happy being poor in spirit. Happy, blessed are the poor in spirit. Blessed are those who seek and hunger for justice. Blessed are the meek. That will be the message of the Holy Father. That has been the continual message that we have heard from this Bishop of Rome.

And we can say that perhaps the most important of the beatitudes is “Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.” I think the Holy Father may focus upon the mourning that we are undergoing as Catholics in the Unitd States, and how do we face that mourning, that weeping. Blessed are those who weep.

Q: What was it like to welcome Pope John Paul II as a pilgrim to Denver in 1993?

Then Archbishop J. Francis Stafford welcomes Pope John Paul II to Denver for the celebration of World Youth Day in 1993.

Then Archbishop J. Francis Stafford welcomes Pope John Paul II to Denver for the celebration of World Youth Day in 1993.

Cardinal Stafford: Usually we make a pilgrimage to Rome, and Rome, according to our medieval brothers and sisters, was a place in which they could sip from the well of God’s mercy. The forgiveness of God was better known by the pilgrim who came to Rome, than by the one who did not come to Rome. In the summer of 1993, the Bishop of Rome was coming to Denver, and we were to experience the Bishop of Rome, who is the divine instrument of unity and forgiveness within the Church and beyond the Church, among all men and women.

So, how does one go about greeting such an individual? One does that in faith. St. Paul says, we are to be subject to one another out of reverence to Christ. All Christians, beginning with husbands and wives, are to be subject to the other because of the Christ within them, within the other. That is the general foundation of the moral life of those who are in the community of disciples, that we are to be subject to the other out of reverence. The word in Greek means “out of fear” of Christ who is in the other, that is out of a sense of awe at the transcendence the other carries, because he or she carries Jesus.

Now, in 1993 we were encountering John Paul II, and in him was Christ, and according to the measure of his call, of his vocation, he was Christ who had been called by Jesus to be the foundation of his Church. Such is Peter. Such is the Christ in Peter. So, when he came to Mile High Stadium, I thought, he comes as one who bears within himself, within his person, Jesus Christ, as every baptized Christian does, but he also bears Jesus Christ who chose him to be now, the foundation of his Church.

Q: What attitude should American Catholics have when listening to the Pope’s words this month?

Cardinal Stafford: The Catholic people, in faith, are to greet Pope Francis as one who carries Christ within him, and to have faith toward the Holy Father that is representative of that attitude of faith, that is, to be subject to him out of reverence for the Christ within him who has called him to be the rock, the foundation stone, the source of unity, the sign of unity, the instrument of unity and forgiveness, the one who bears—Again, can we believe this?—who bears and carries the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven.


Cardinal Stafford suggests that all Catholics pray daily for the Pope, particularly in the days leading up to his visit to the United States this month. The following is an ancient prayer based on Psalm 40 [41 in some translations].

Let us pray for Francis our Pope.

May the Lord preserve him, and give him life, and make him blessed upon the earth, and deliver him not up to the will of his enemies.

COMING UP: On Fathers and Christian Masculinity

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The Year of St. Joseph points us to Jesus’ adoptive father, Joseph, as the essential model for fathers. Joseph not only manifests genuine masculinity, he also images God’s own fatherhood, as Pope Francis makes clear in his apostolic letter, Patris Corde: “In his relationship to Jesus, Joseph was the earthly shadow of the heavenly Father: he watched over him and protected him, never leaving him to go his own way.” Jesus, though the Son of God, obeyed Joseph, learned from him, and worked with him, acknowledging Joseph as a true expression of God’s own fatherhood.  

God does not just use fatherhood as an image of himself, because he himself is Father, even within his own triune life. Earthly fatherhood comes forth from him and should manifest his life and love. St. Paul speaks of honoring the “Father, from whom all fatherhood in heaven and on earth is named” (Eph 3:15). God wants everyone to be able to see his own fatherly love and called certain men to share in his own paternal gift of bringing forth life and caring for others. Every father is called to be liked Joseph, “an earthly shadow of the heavenly Father” for his own family. 

Our culture, however, often denigrates masculinity, sometimes viewing even its proper expressions as toxic. We too often see maleness in its fallenness — dominating and selfish — rather than showing self-sacrificial service. In fact, later in Ephesians, Paul speaks of the true vocation of the husband and father: “Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her” (Eph 5:25). He also speaks of the role of fatherhood: “Do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord” (Eph 6:4). Paul shows us the goal of fatherhood — sacrificing himself for the flourishing of the family by putting the good of his wife and children before his own desires.   

No matter what the contrary voices of our culture say, we need strong men and fathers. God created man and woman in complementarity, and they need each other to thrive, helping the other in relation to their own strengths and weaknesses. Children need the strong presence of a father to discipline and teach, as Paul reminds us. Study after study has shown that fathers have the largest impact on the faith of their children. Christian Smith explains in his sociological study, Young Catholic America, that “the faith of Catholic fathers is powerfully determinative of the future faith of their children (125). The same can be said for general wellbeing and success. When fathers are absent or refuse to exercise their role, a moral and spiritual vacuum appears. A strong majority of felons, for instance, grew up without fathers in the home.  

St. Joseph helps us to understand the strength of Christian fatherhood. First, like any good husband, Joseph listened — not just to his wife but also to God. Woken up frequently by angels, he demonstrated obedience and trust, quickly leaving everything behind to follow God’s instructions and to protect his family. We also know Joseph for his work as a carpenter and builder, content to live simply and to work hard. Importantly, he also taught Jesus how to work, showing that fathers model and teach by drawing their children into their life and work. And we can also learn from Joseph’s humility, serving the Incarnate God and his Mother without even a single recorded word in the Gospels.  

This humility points us to the essence of Christian fatherhood. Although living with two perfect people, Joseph was still called to lead. He quietly and humbly did what was needed for his family and taught his own maker how to share in his work. Fathers do not lead in order to be in charge or to get their own way. They lead because God asks them to care for and protect their families. Fathers and mothers share in the great and beautiful partnership of family life, although fathers cannot simply sit back and let mom take the lead in the spiritual life, as they are often tempted to do. Like Joseph, fathers should act firmly and lovingly to put God and the family before self, obeying God and leading the family in the right direction. They are called to model faith, work, and sacrifice to their children. 

On Father’s Day we can affirm that masculinity and fatherhood are not just good — they are essential to understanding God and his plan for human flourishing. If our culture turns around, it will be because, in large part, Christian men stand up and fight. As Christians, we cannot give in to the culture’s attempt to denigrate masculinity and fatherhood or to pit men and women against each other. We can use this celebration to affirm the essential role that our fathers play, leading their families like St. Joseph.